Cash flow

A key figure used in the analysis of shares and companies. It represents the inflow and outflow of liquid assets during a specific accounting period. Cash flow is essentially calculated by adding together the profit for the year, depreciation, changes in long-term provisions, and income taxes.

Cash flow statement

A presentation of the changes in cash and cash equivalents during a fiscal year, broken down into the three areas of ordinary activities, investing activities, and financing activities.

Ceded reinsurance premiums

Share of the premiums to which the reinsurer is entitled in return for reinsuring certain risks.

CEE (Central and Eastern Europe)

Vienna Insurance Group defines the “CEE” region as all the growth markets in Central and Eastern Europe in which the Group operates. This includes the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine. Note that differences may exist between this definition and the definition of CEE used by other companies, financial institutions (e.g. IMF, OECD, WIFO, IHS), etc.

Claims incurred but not reported

Losses that are reported in the current fiscal year but occurred in the previous year. Each year as of the balance sheet reporting date, a reserve (= incurred but not reported reserve, IBNR) is formed for losses that relate to the financial statement year but are not reported until the following year.

Combined Ratio (net)

When the total of all items in the income statement that contribute to the profit before taxes, except for income from capital assets and the value of gross earned premiums itself, is divided by gross earned premiums, the result is called the combined ratio. If this ratio is less than 100%, the company is earning a profit from the underwriting portion of the business. This ratio is only calculated for property and casualty insurance. Since the reinsurers' share is taken into account in the calculation, the result is a net combined ratio.


The financial assets of the parent company and those of the subsidiaries are combined when the consolidated financial statements are prepared by the parent company. During this process, intercompany capital combinations, interim profit/loss, payables and receivables, and income and expenses between group companies are eliminated.

Core markets

Collective term for the ten VIG markets Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Serbia, and Ukraine.